Computers continue to play a meaningful role in modern life. The ancient computational machine ‘Abacus’ started in the history of computers but in fact the computer’s operations are very extensive. No one is a single claimant as a computer inventor. Rather, we are looking at the evolution of the computer. One thing is good to say, hardware is not only a computer, it can’t be effective without software or device instructions. Today, the computer is on top of everything. The use of more advanced tools and software has made computing easier and wider. And the computer is going to be in everyone’s hands. Let’s find out how the computer got this better and who was on its way.
In 1671, a German mathematician named Gottfried von Libaniz created a more modern computational instrument based on pascal’s mechanical calculations. It would have been used to determine the addition, the decomposition, the quality, the division and the productivity. He invented the method of counting by first re-adding. In 1786 Johann Helflik Muller conceived a computational device. In 1801, Joseph Mary of France started using the Zecard punchcard.
Meanwhile, Professor Charles Babbage tried to create an automatic counting machine in 1801. The device was called analytical engine. Babbage thought of a device that would provide input through a punch card. And for input capture, the device will have memory systems, mathematical parts for processing, and automatic output printing. Contemporary scientists used to ridicule his idea. It’s really surprising to compare this idea with today’s computer. In 1833, the concept of the planned ‘analytical engine’ of The Bebez was considered as the source of modern computers. Charles Babbage is called the computer’s father.
In 1936, Corinad Zeus invented the first open programmable computer. In 1942, John Atanoff and Crawford Berry invented the ABC computer. In 1944, Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper together created a computer known as the Harvard Mark 1 computer.
Computers started with the computational machine. The size and nature of the computer evolved gradually. Originally designed by John Pressper Eckert and John W. Mochley of the University of Pennsylvania during World War II, Inyak was designed for research by the Hydrogen Ballistic Research Laboratory in the U.S. Army. And it was first used in the calculation of hydrogen bombs. In 1946, Inia was connected to the large brain. Vacuum tubes used in it. It is made useful for multifaceted purposes. Such computers are becoming more developed.
The type of computer that comes after that is much faster, more efficient and smaller in size. It uses transistorized of vacuum tubes. As a result, the computer’s size becomes smaller. At this stage, a new type of circuit is being developed. In 1955, a unified circuit was created and placed on small silicon plates, combining a number of transistors and other materials.
In 1953, the International Business Machine briefly entered the history of IBM computers. This year IBM 701 EDPM brought the computer market to the market, which was commercially successful. In 1954, John Baques developed high-level programming language fortan with the help of IBM. In 1959, Stanford Research Institute in the United States invented the MICR method in a short computer magnetic in-character recognition for use in the first banking institution.
The transistor replaces the micro chip. In 1959, An engineer, Jack Kilby, invented the microchip. Of course, at the same time, Jack Kilby and the Texas Instrument got patents. The first commercial production started in 1961. In the 1970s, microprocessors continued to be widely used. In 1971 Intel Corporation first brought micro chip Intel 4004 to market. IBM developed the computer for personal use in 1981. This uses DOS (Disk Operating System) based operating system MS-DOS. In 1983, Apple created the first personal use of a graphical user interface-based computer. In 1985, today’s software giant Microsoft launched windows-based operating systems that are more like Apple’s.
This way, the computer’s evolution has enabled the creation of advanced technology computers. Currently the computer is much faster and smaller in size. Its work is increasing day by day.